The knee is quite one of the most articulate joints of the human body, and it is usual to see injuries happening for runners (often indeed). The most common method of treating knee injuries is obviously rest, ice, compression, and elevation.
Rest the knee by not putting a load on it, or by walking with the support of crutches; apply ice to control the edema; use an elastic compression bandage on it tightly, but not so tight as to cause pain; and finally, keep the knee elevated. Using a knee brace for running is quite common and here is an in-depth starter site to learn more and explore your options.
When to See a Doctor
You should consult an orthopedist if you have the following symptoms with your knees. If you hear a click in your knee at the time of injury; if you have severe pain; if you cannot move the knee; if it begins to limp; or if swelling continues when it is hurt.
How Knee Injuries Happen
When changing direction quickly, if it starts to slow down during a run, or a fall after a jump, you can have a ruptured anterior cruciate ligament. The athletes who play basketball and skiing, and athletes who use tennis with studs, as is the case of footballers, are more likely to suffer ACL injuries. Posterior cruciate ligament injuries are usually caused by a blow to the front of the knee or by the leg landing badly during a vigorous game. Often, when people talk about the rupture of ligaments, they are usually talking about a meniscus tear. This kind of injury is very common in athletes. The meniscus is strong cartilage, with a consistency that resembles rubber, and acts as a shock absorber, similar to what happens with car bumpers. The collapse of the meniscus may occur when running on the knee when making a dribble, in the slowing down during a race, or in being tackled (as in football). In this type of injury, there is usually direct contact between two people while practicing a sport.
Treating Knee Injuries
If you have pain or persistent edema (swelling), a surgical procedure known as knee arthroscopy may help relieve these symptoms and resolve the problem. Arthroscopy allows orthopedic surgeons to diagnose and treat pathologies of the knee, as it shows the inner part of the knee through small incisions using an instrument the size of a pencil, called arthroscopy. The lens allows the transmission of an image of your knee through a small camera to a television monitor. The image allows the orthopaedist to examine in detail the inside of the knee, and determine the cause of the problem. During this procedure, the orthopedic surgeon can insert surgical instruments through small incisions in the knee, to remove or repair damaged structures. With the development of arthroscopes, this procedure has become increasingly effective, both for accurate diagnosis and effective way to treat the pathologies of the knee.
Knee injuries aren’t just painful, they can end an athletic career. Taking care of your knees is more important than most people realize, but sports medicine has come a long way and there are plenty of treatments available including replacements, but that is something you want to avoid if you can.